These whimsical images come from the mind of Louis Crusius, a physician and artist who was born in Wisconsin and later moved to St. Louis, Missouri. The Antikamnia Chemical Company used Crusius’ images in a series of calendars they published from 1897-1901, which they sent to physicians who could prove their medical standing.
The company, whose name means “opposed to pain,” was known for manufacturing a patent medicine called Antikamnia tablets. Like most patent medicines of the time, the ingredients in the tablets could have ill effects - the tablets contained acetanilide, which could cause cyanosis (a condition in which the skin becomes blood due to insufficient oxygen).
Clyde A. Copson (American; active 1910s–30s) Suppertime Illustration from A Day with Bum; and, The Smart Little Fish, a children’s book by Morris Wilson [New York]: Board of Education of the City of New York, 1938 The New York Public Library, Rare Book Division